The painting is Dynamic Decomposition by Umberto Boccioni. This marks the third image in a row from Boccioni and I’m pretty sure he’s the only artist to have been repeated, even a second time, out of all of the images we’ve seen.
They did also repeat paintings by David in chapter one, if I recall correctly. David as a preeminent representative of now-classical and now Boccioni, a defacto leader of Futurist art. His paintings would most accurately depict the ideals of the movement.
I read this quote more along the lines of “people are attracted to power because of the things they can do for themselves with it.” People want all of the benefits, but none of the responsibility to use it properly. It is the birth of all corruption.